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Chemistry Reference Table

Chemistry Reference Table

This article provides various reference tables, which are useful for performing chemical experiments and solving related problems.
Mayuri Kulkarni
A chemistry reference table gives valuable information, which is arranged in a systematic manner. They are very useful for comparing and finding values, and concluding the results of various chemical reactions. Such tables make your task easy, as you don't want to cram up your mind with the standard values. Given below are various reference tables useful for chemistry students.

Abbreviations

D = density
m = mass
ppm = parts per million
V = volume
K = Kelvin
P = pressure
Pa = Pascal
R = gas constant
T = temperature
M = molarity
n = number of moles
q = quantity of heat energy
CPD = compound
CF = chemical formula
MP= melting point
BP = boiling point
Dec = decompose

Reference Table for Chemical Constants
ConstantsValueUnit
Heat of fusion of water (Hf)334J/g
Heat of vaporization of water (Hv)2260J/g
Specific heat of water (Cp) for ice2.05J/(g 0C)
Specific heat of water (Cp) for steam2.02J/(g 0C)
Specific heat of water (Cp) for liquid4.18J/(g 0C)
Avogadro's number (NA)6.022 x 1023particles / mole
Gas constant (R)0.0821L atm / mole K
Standard pressure760mmHg
Standard temperature273K
Planck constant (h)1.05457266 x 10-34Js
Boltzmann constant (kB)1.380658 x 10-23J/K
Speed of light (c)2.99792458 x 108m/s
Faraday constant (F)9.64846 x 104C / mol

Reference Table for Organic Prefixes
Number of Carbon AtomsPrefix
1"meth-"
2"eth-"
3"prop-"
4"but-"
5"pent-"
6"hex-"
7"hept-"
8"oct-"
9"non-"
10"dec-"

Reference Table for Common Acids
Name of AcidChemical Formula
Acetic acidCH3COOH or HC2H3O2
Carbonic acidH2CO3
Phosphoric acidH3PO4
Sulfuric acidH2SO4
Nitric acidHNO3
Hydrochloric acidHCl

Reference Table for Organic Compounds
CPDCFD MP °CBP °C
EthanolCH3CH2OH0.7893 g/cm3-11979
GlucoseC6H12O61.54 g/cm386Dec
HexaneC6H140.6603 g/cm3-9569
MethaneCH40.716 g/L-182-164
MethanolCH3OH0.7914 g/cm3-9465
SucroseC12H22O111.27 g/cm386Dec

Reference Table for Inorganic Compounds
CPDDMP °CBP °C
Chlorine3.21 g/L-101-35
Hydrogen0.0899 g/L-259-253
Hydrogen Chloride1.640 g/L-115-85
Hydrogen Sulfide1.54 g/L-85-61
Nitrogen1.34 g/L-210-196
Nitrogen Monoxide1.34 g/L-164-152
Oxygen1.43 g/L-218-183

The Periodic Table
s-blockTransition Elements
d- block
p-blockNobel
Element
Group123456789101112131415161718
1 1
H
1.0079
1
He
4.0026
2 3
Li
6.941
4
Be
9.0122
5
B
10.811
6
C
12.011
7
N
14.007
8
O
15.999
9
F
F
18.998
10
Ne
20.180
3 11
Na
22.990
12
Mg
24.305
13
Al
26.982
14
Si
28.086
15
P
30.974
16
S
32.066
17
Cl
35.453
18
Ar
39.948
4 19
K
39.098
20
Ca
40.078
21
Sc
44.956
22
Ti
47.867
23
V
50.942
24
Cr
51.996
25
Mn
54.938
26
Fe
55.845
27
Co
58.933
28
Ni
58.693
29
Cu
63.546
30
Zn
65.409
31
Ga
69.723
32
Ge
72.64
33
As
74.922
34
Se
78.96
35
Br
79.904
36
Kr
83.798
5 37
Rb
85.468
38
Sr
87.62
39
Y
88.906
40
Zr
91.224
41
Nb
92.906
42
Mo
95.94
43
Tc
(98)
44
Ru
101.07
45
Rh
102.91
46
Pd
106.42
47
Ag
107.87
48
Cd
112.41
49
In
114.82
50
Sn
118.71
51
Sb
121.76
52
Te
127.60
53
I
126.90
54
Xe
131.29
6 55
Cs
132.91
56
Ba
137.33
57 - 71
La-Lu
72
Hf
178.49
73
Ta
180.95
74
W
183.84
75
Re
186.21
76
Os
190.23
77
Ir
192.22
78
Pt
195.08
79
Au
196.97
80
Hg
200.59
81
Tl
204.38
82
Pb
207.2
83
Bi
208.98
84
Po
(209)
85
At
(210)
86
Rn
(222)
7 87
Fr
(223)
88
Ra
(226)
89 -103
Ac-Lr
(104)

104
Rf
(261)
105
Db
(262)
106
Sg
(266)
107
Bh
(264)
108
Hs
(277)
109
Mt
(268)
110
Ds
(281)
111
Rg
(272)
Lanthanide 57
La
138.91
58
Ce
140.12
59
Pr
140.91
60
Nd
144.24
61
Pm
(145)
62
Sm
150.36
63
Eu
151.96
64
Gd
157.25
65
Tb
158.93
66
Dy
162.50
67
Ho
164.93
68
Er
167.26
69
Tm
168.93
70
Yb
173.04
71
Lu
174.97
Actinide 89
Ac
(227)
90
Th
232.04
91
Pa
231.04
92
U
238.03
93
Np
(237)
94
Pu
(244)
95
Am
(243)
96
Cm
(247)
97
Bk
(247)
98
Cf
(251)
99
Es
(252)
100
Fm
(257)
101
Md
(258)
102
No
(259)
103
Lr
(262)