announcement

Become a Contributor

List of European Countries

A Complete A-Z List of All the European Countries

Europe, a continent with approximately 800 million people living in 51 countries, is known for its rich culture and heritage. It is the place where some of earliest civilizations settled and prospered. Europe is known for its modern school of thought, the ideas of democracy, innovations and inventions and its beautiful landscape.
Maya Pillai
Last Updated: Mar 22, 2018
Abandoned prison. Rummu, Estonia
Did you know?
Out of the 10 most visited countries in the world, more than half are European nations. Approximately 500 million people visit Europe every year, more than half of the global market!
Europe, one of the seven continents of the world, is flanked on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north by the Arctic Ocean and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. It is separated from Asia by the Ural Mountains. Europe is the second smallest continent in terms of area and the third largest continent in terms of population. Russia is the largest European country in terms of both population and area while Vatican City is the smallest.
List of European Countries in Alphabetical Order
Albania
Tirana is the capital of Albania. The political system of this country is Republican. The population of this country is approximately 2.88 million. Lek is the currency and Albanian is the language spoken.
Andorra
Andorra La Vella is the capital city and the total population is around 0.078 million. The political system of Andorra is Parliamentary and the currency is Euro. Catalan, Dutch, English, French and Spanish are the languages that are commonly spoken.
Armenia
Yerevan is the capital of Armenia. The political system followed is Republican and the population of the country is 3.01 million. The currency used is Dram. The languages spoken are Armenian, Russian and English.
Austria
Vienna is the capital of Austria. It is a member state of the European Union. The population of Austria is 8.75 million and its political system is Federal republic. The official language is German, but English is also spoken. The currency is Euro.
Azerbaijan
Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan. The population of this nation is approximately 9.92 million.
Azerbaijani Manat is the currency. Russian, English and Azeri are the languages that are widely spoken.
Belarus
Minsk is the capital city of Belarus. They follow the Republican system. The population of this country is about 9.45 million. Belarusian Ruble is the currency used. Belarusian, Russian and English are the languages spoken.
Belgium
Brussels is the capital of Belgium. The population of this country is about 11.46 million. Belgium is one of the member states of the European Union. Euro is the currency and the political system is constitutional monarchy. French, Dutch and German are the languages that are commonly spoken here.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sarajevo is the capital city and the political system followed is Republican. The population is approximately 3.75 million. Bosnian Convertible Mark is the currency. Bosnian, Serbian and English are the languages spoken.
Bulgaria
Sofia is the capital city of Bulgaria. The political system followed is Republican and it is one of the member states of the European Union. The population is approximately 7.03 million. The currency is Lev and the language spoken is Bulgarian.
Croatia
Zagreb is the capital of Croatia. It is a candidate country of the European Union. The population is 4.23 million and the currency is Kuna. The political system is Republican and Croatian is the language spoken.
Cyprus
Nicosia is the capital city of Cyprus. The population is 0.876 million and it is a member state of the European Union. Greek and English are the spoken languages and Euro is the currency used. The political system is Republican.
Czech Republic
Prague is the capital city of Czech. The political system is Republican and the population is around 10.62 million. The currency is Czech Koruna. Czech Republic is one of the member states of the European Union. The language widely spoken is Czech.
Denmark
Copenhagen is the capital city. Its population is approximately 5.75 million. Constitutional monarchy is the political system and the currency used is Danish Krone. Denmark is one of the member states of the European Union. Danish is the language spoken.
Estonia
Tallinn is the capital city. The political system is Republican and the population is 1.31 million. Estonia is one of the member states of the European Union. Estonian Kroon is the currency and language used is Estonian.
Finland
Helsinki is the capital city and the political system is Republican. Total population of Finland is 5.48 million. Finland is one of the member states of the European Union and uses Euro as currency. Finnish and Swedish are the two languages commonly spoken.
France
Paris is the capital and the political system is Republican. France is one of the member states and the founding members of the European Union. The population is about 65.24 million. Euro is the currency and French is the language.
Georgia
The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi. It follows a unitary semi-presidential form of government. The population is 3.7 million. The currency of Georgia is Lari.
Germany
Berlin is the capital of Germany. The political system is federal Republican. The population of Germany is approximately 82 million and the currency is Euro. Germany is not only a member state, but also one of founding members of the European Union.
Greece
Athens is the capital city. The political system is Republican and the population is 11.4 million. Euro is the currency and the language spoken is Greek. Greece is one of the member states of the European Union.
Hungary
Budapest is the capital of Hungary. It is a member of the European Union. Hungary has the population of approximately 9.7 million. Forint is the currency and Hungarian is the language spoken. The political system followed is Republican.
Iceland
Reykjavik is the capital and this country has a population of 0.33 million. The currency is Icelandic Krona. The political system is Republican and the language used is Icelandic.
Ireland
Dublin is the capital of Ireland. The population is approximately 4.6 million. The currency is Euro and the political system followed is Republican. English and Irish are the languages that are spoken. It is one of the member states of the European Union.
Italy
Rome is the capital of Italy. It is a member state and also a founding member of the European Union. The population of Italy is approximately 59.3 million. The currency is Euro and the official language is Italian. The political system followed is Republican.
Kosovo
Kosovo became an independent country on 17th February 2008 (recognized by 91 UN countries). Its capital is Pristina and the population is approximately 1.86 million. In February 2012, an advisory referendum was held in Zvečan, Kosovska Mitrovica and Zubin Potok on accepting the institutions of the Republic of Kosovo, but it saw only 69 supporters.
Kazakhstan
10% of Kazakhstan is in Europe, while the rest is in Asia. The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana and the population is around 18 million. Tenge is the currency used.
Latvia
Riga is the capital of Latvia. The currency is Lats and the population is 1.98 million. Latvian is the language spoken and Latvia is one of the member states of the European Union.
Liechtenstein
Vaduz is the capital and the political system followed is principality. The population of this country is 0.037 million. The currency is Swiss franc. English, French and German are the languages commonly spoken.
Lithuania
Vilnius is the capital city. The population is approximately 2.9 million. The political system is
Republican and the currency is Litas. Lithuania is one of the member states of European Union. The language is Lithuanian.
Luxembourg
Luxembourg city is the capital of Luxembourg. It is not only the founding member, but also a member state of the European Union. Its population is 0.57 million. The political system followed is constitutional monarchy. The currency used is Euro and the languages commonly spoken are French and German.
Macedonia
Skopje is the capital of Macedonia. Denar is the currency and the population is 2.07 million. It is a candidate country of the European Union. English and Macedonian are the languages commonly used.
Malta
Valletta is the capital city of Malta. It is one of the member states of the European Union. Its population is approximately 0.425 million. Maltese and English are the commonly spoken languages. The political system is Republican. The currency used is Euro.
Moldova
Chișinău is the capital city of Moldova. The political system followed is Republican. The population is 3.5 million and the currency is Moldovan Leu. Russian and Moldovan are the languages spoken here.
Monaco
Monaco city is the capital of Monaco. The population is approximately 0.037 million. The political system is principality. The currency used is Euro. English and French are the languages used.
Montenegro
Podgorica is the capital city. The population is 0.62 million. Euro is the currency. The country follows a Republican political system. Serbian and English are the languages spoken.
Norway
Oslo is the capital of Norway. The population is 5.2 million and the currency is Norwegian Krone. Monarchy is the political system followed. Norwegian is the language spoken.
Poland
Warsaw is the capital. The political system is Republican. Poland is one of the member states of the European Union. Its population is estimated to be around 38 million. Polish is the language spoken, and the currency is Polish Zloty.
Portugal
Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. It is one of the member states of European Union. The political system is Republican and the currency is Euro. The population of Portugal is 10.3 million. Portuguese is the spoken language.
Romania
Bucharest is the capital of Romania. They follow the Republican system. Leu is the currency
used. The population is 19.63 million. Romania is one of the member states of the European
Union. Romanian is the language spoken.
Russia
Moscow is the capital city. The political system followed is Republican. The currency is Rouble and the population is 143.96 million. Russian is the language commonly spoken.
San Marino
San Marino city is the capital. This nation follows a Republican political system. Currency used is Euro and the population is 0.033 million. Italian is the language commonly spoken.
Serbia
Belgrade is the capital of Serbia. Dinar is the currency, Serbian is the commonly spoken language and the political system is Republican. The population is 8.7 million.
Slovakia
Bratislava is the capital. The political system is Republican. Slovak Koruna is the currency. The population of Slovakia is 5.4 million and the official language is Slovak. Slovakia is a member of the European Union.
Slovenia
Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia. The political system is Republican. Slovenia is one of the member states of the European Union. The population is 2.06 million and the official language is Slovenian. The currency used is Euro.
Spain
Madrid is the capital. Spain is one of the member states of the European Union. The political system is constitutional monarchy. The population is 46.4 million. Spanish is the language spoken, and Euro is the currency used.
Sweden
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden. It is one of the member states of the European Union. Constitutional monarchy is the political system. The population is 9.96 million. The language spoken is Swedish and the currency is Swedish Krona.
Switzerland
Bern is the capital of Switzerland. The population is 8.5 million and the currency is Swiss Franc. German, French, Italian and Romansh are the languages commonly used. The political system is Swiss Confederation.
The Netherlands
Amsterdam is the capital. The political system is constitutional monarchy. The population is 17.08 million. The Netherlands is also known as Holland. It is one of the member states and a founding member of the European Union. Dutch is the language used. The currency used is Euro.
Turkey
Ankara is the capital of Turkey. Turkey is one of the candidate countries of the European Union. The population is 80 million. The political system followed is Republican. The currency is Turkish Lira and the language spoken is Turkish.
Ukraine
Kiev is the capital of Ukraine. The population of this country is 44 million and the political system is Republican. Hryvnia is the currency and the languages spoken are Russian and Ukrainian.
United Kingdom
London is the capital and the political system is constitutional monarchy. The population is 65.11 million and the currency is Pound Sterling. English is the language. United Kingdom is one of the member states of the European Union.
Vatican City State
Vatican City is the capital and the political system is Ecclesiastical state. The currency is Euro and the population is 0.0010 million. English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese are the commonly spoken languages.
By physical geography, Europe and Asia form a single continent. Europe is geographically divided from Asia by Ural and Caucasus ranges and some water bodies. Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Kazakhstan are countries which are part of both Asia and Europe.