# How to Find the Magnitude of a Vector (With Examples)

To find out the value of any given vector component, it is necessary to find out its direction as well as magnitude. We, at Buzzle, have described the method to calculate the magnitude of a given vector.

Bindu swetha

Last Updated: Aug 29, 2018

Did You Know?

The vector with magnitude equal to 1 is known as a unit vector.

Notation

The notation for magnitude of a vector is two vertical bars.

To avoid confusion with absolute value, the magnitude X can also be written as;

However, the double bar notation is not used frequently.

**| x |**To avoid confusion with absolute value, the magnitude X can also be written as;

**|| x ||**However, the double bar notation is not used frequently.

Formula

The magnitude of a vector, v = (x,y), is given by the square root of squares of the endpoints x and y.

Thus, if the two components (x, y) of the vector v is known, its magnitude can be calculated by Pythagoras theorem.

_______ | |

| v | = | √ x^{2} + y^{2} |

Thus, if the two components (x, y) of the vector v is known, its magnitude can be calculated by Pythagoras theorem.

_{1}, y

_{1}) and B(x

^{2}, y

^{2}), the vector magnitude is given by;

___________________ | |

| v | = | √ (x_{2} - x_{1})^{2} + (y_{2} - y_{1})^{2} |

**Now let us take a look at a few examples that will help you understand the concept better.**

^{}
Calculate magnitude of vector a = (4, 3).

________ | ||

√ 4^{2} + 3^{2} |
||

______ | ||

| a | = | √ 16 + 9 | = 5 |

___ | ||

√ 25 |

Thus, the magnitude of vector a(4, 3) is 5 units.

Calculate magnitude of vector b = (-3, 5).

__________ | ||

√ (-3)^{2} + 5^{2} |
||

______ | ||

| b | = | √ 9 + 25 | = 6 |

___ | ||

√ 36 |

Thus, the magnitude of vector b(-3, 5) is 6 units.

Vector Magnitude in Space

The aforementioned examples are for the vectors in 2D form. However, if you have to calculate vector magnitude in 3D space, you cannot use this formula. To calculate magnitude of u(x1, x2, x3), the correct formula is;

Similarly, if the co-ordinates of the endpoints A(x

Let us solve a few vectors in 3D space examples.

______________ | |

| u | = |
√ x_{1}^{2} + x_{2}^{2} + x_{3}^{2} |

Similarly, if the co-ordinates of the endpoints A(x

_{1}, y_{1}, z_{1}) and B(x_{2}, y_{2}, z_{2}) are mentioned, the formula is modified as;_______________________________ | |

| v | = |
√ (x_{2} - x_{1}) ^{2} + (y_{2} - y_{1})^{2} + (z_{2} - z_{1})^{2} |

Let us solve a few vectors in 3D space examples.

Calculate the magnitude of vector c = (2,5,3).

____________ | ||

√ 2^{2} + 5^{2} + 3^{2} |
||

__________ | ||

| c | = | √ 4 + 25 + 9 | = 6.16 |

___ | ||

√ 38 |

The magnitude of vector c is 6.16 units.

Calculate the magnitude of vector u = (-1,1,2).

______________ | ||

√ (-1)^{2} + 1^{2} + 2^{2} |
||

_________ | ||

u | = | √ 1 + 1 + 4 | = 2.44 |

___ | ||

√ 6 |

Thus, the magnitude of the given vector is 2.44 units.

Calculate magnitude of vector with co-ordinates A(2,3,4) and B(-1,3,-2).

________________________ | ||

√ (-1-2)^{2} + (3-3)^{2} + (-2-4)^{2} |
||

_________ | ||

| u | = | √ 9+ 0+ 36 | = 6.7 |

___ | ||

√ 45 |

Thus, 6.7 units is the magnitude of the given vector.