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Electron Configuration Chart for All Elements in the Periodic Table

Electron Configuration Chart for All Elements in the Periodic Table

There are 118 elements in the periodic table. Each element has a unique atomic structure that is influenced by its electronic configuration, which is the distribution of electrons across different orbitals of an atom. This article provides you with an electronic configuration chart for all these elements.
ScienceStruck Staff
Last Updated: Apr 29, 2018
Theoretical Basis
The electronic configuration of each element is decided by the Aufbau principle which states that the electrons fill orbitals in order of increasing energy levels. The equation is:
1s<2s<2p<3s<3p<4s<3d<4p<5s<4d<5p<6s<4f<5d<6p<7s<5f<6d<7p 
The concept of electronic configuration has replaced the older concept of valency and valence electrons. It involves the specific arrangement of electrons in shells and sub-shells of Bohr's atomic model. This model has been widely accepted, and according to it, each atom has shells, which further have subshells. The shells are labeled K, L, M, N, and so on, from the innermost to the outermost shell.

Each shell has subshells that are named for the type of emission lines produced from different states of angular momentum. They stand for sharp (S), principal (P), diffuse (D), and fundamental (F). The subshells have a distinct shape and configuration, in which the electrons move freely. Each shell and subshell have a limitation on the amount of electrons that it can carry. The maximum electrons that can be carried by the sub-shell S is 2, by P is 6, by D is 10, and the F sub-shell can carry 14. This decides the electron capacity of the shells. The K shell contains a 1s subshell hence it can carry 2 electrons, the L shell has 2s and 2p, and can carry 8 electrons. The M shell contains 3s, 3p, and 3d, and can carry 18 electrons. The N shell containing 4s, 4d, 4p and 4f, can carry 32 electrons. Such an arrangement helps explain the periodicity and periodic trends observed across the elements of the periodic table. 
Subshell Configurations
s subshell
Configuration of 1s Subshell
p subshell
Configuration of 2p Subshell
d subshell
Configuration of 3d Subshell
f subshell
Configuration of 4f Subshell
Electron Configuration for All Elements in the Periodic Table
Element Electrons Electronic Configuration
Hydrogen (H) 1 1s1
Helium (He) 2 1s2
Lithium (Li) 3 1s2 2s1
Beryllium (Be) 4 1s2 2s2
Boron (B) 5 1s2 2s2 2p1
Carbon (C) 6 1s2 2s2 2p2
Nitrogen (N) 7 1s2 2s2 2p3
Oxygen (O) 8 1s2 2s2 2p4
Fluorine (F) 9 1s2 2s2 2p5
Neon (Ne) 10 1s2 2s2 2p6
Sodium (Na) 11 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1
Magnesium (Mg) 12 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2
Aluminum (Al) 13 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p1
Silicon (Si) 14 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p2
Phosphorous (P) 15 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p3
Sulfur (S) 16 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p4
Chlorine (Cl) 17 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p5
Argon (Ar) 18 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6
Potassium (K) 19 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s1
Calcium (Ca) 20 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2
Scandium (Sc) 21 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d1
Titanium (Ti) 22 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d2
Vanadium (V) 23 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d3
Chromium (Cr) 24 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s1 3d5
Manganese (Mn) 25 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d5
Iron (Fe) 26 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d6
Cobalt (Co) 27 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d7
Nickel (Ni) 28 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d8
Copper (Cu) 29 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s1 3d10
Zinc (Zn) 30 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10
Gallium (Ga) 31 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p1
Germanium (Ge) 32 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p2
Arsenic (As) 33 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p3
Selenium (Se) 34 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p4
Bromine (Br) 35 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p5
Krypton (Kr) 36 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p6
Rubidium (Rb) 37 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s1
Strontium (Sr) 38 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2
Yttrium (Y) 39 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d1
Zirconium (Zr) 40 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d2
Niobium (Nb) 41 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s1 4d4
Molybdenum (Mb) 42 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s1 4d5
Technetium (Tc) 43 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d5
Ruthenium (Ru) 44 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s1 4d7
Rhodium (Rh) 45 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s1 4d8
Palladium (Pd) 46 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p64d10
Silver (Ag) 47 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s1 4d10
Cadmium (Cd) 48 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d10
Indium (In) 49 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d10 5p1
Tin (Sn) 50 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p2
Antimony (Sb) 51 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p3
Tellurium (Te) 52 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p4
Iodine (I) 53 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p5
Xenon (Xe) 54 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6
Cesium (Cs) 55 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s1
Barium (Ba) 56 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s2
Lanthanum (La) 57 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s25d1
Cerium (Ce) 58 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s25d1 4f1
Praseodymium (Pr) 59 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f3
Neodymium (Nd) 60 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f4
Promethium (Pm) 61 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f5
Samarium (Sm) 62 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f6
Europium (Eu) 63 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f7
Gadolinium (Gd) 64 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f7 5d1
Terbium (Tb) 65 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f9
Dysprosium (Dy) 66 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f10
Holmium (Ho) 67 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f11
Erbium (Er) 68 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f12
Thulium (Tm) 69 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f13
Ytterbium (Yb) 70 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14
Lutetium (Lu) 71 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d1
Hafnium (Hf) 72 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d2
Tantalum (Ta) 73 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d3
Tungsten (W) 74 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d4
Rhenium (Re) 75 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d5
Osmium (Os) 76 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d6
Iridium (Ir) 77 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d7
Platinum (Pt) 78 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s14f14 5d9
Gold (Au) 79 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s14f14 5d10
Mercury (Hg) 80 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10
Thallium (Tl) 81 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p1
Lead (Pb) 82 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p2
Bismuth (Bi) 83 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p3
Polonium (Po) 84 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p4
Astatine (At) 85 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p5
Radon (Rn) 86 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6
Francium (Fr) 87 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s1
Radium (Ra) 88 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s2
Actinium (Ac) 89 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s26d1
Thorium (Th) 90 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s26d2
Protactinium (Pa) 91 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f2 6d1
Uranium (U) 92 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f3 6d1
Neptunium (Np) 93 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f4 6d1
Plutonium (Pu) 94 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f6
Americium (Am) 95 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f7
Curium (Cm) 96 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f7 6d1
Berkelium (Bk) 97 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f9
Californium (Cf) 98 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f10
Einsteinium (Es) 99 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f11
Fermium (Fm) 100 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f12
Mendelevium (Md) 101 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f13
Nobelium (No) 102 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14
Lawrencium (Lr) 103 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 7p1
Rutherfordium (Rf) 104 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d2
Dubnium (Db) 105 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d3
Seaborgium (Sg) 106 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d4
Bohrium (Bh) 107 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d5
Hassium (Hs) 108 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d6
Meitnerium (Mt) 109 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d7
Darmstadtium (Ds) 110 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d8
Roentgenium (Rg) 111 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d9
Copernicium (Cn) 112 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d10
Ununtrium (Uut) 113 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d10 7p1
Flerovium (Fl) 114 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d10 7p2
Ununpentium (Uup) 115 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d10 7p3
Livermorium (Lv) 116 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d10 7p4
Ununseptium (Uus) 117 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d10 7p5
Ununoctium (Uuo) 118 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s23p6 4s2 3d10 4p65s2 4d105p6 6s24f14 5d10 6p6 7s25f14 6d10 7p6
This table gives a comprehensive list of the electron distribution in all elements. Understanding it will help in gaining a better understanding of the concept of quantum numbers and their applications in physics and chemistry. It will also help comprehend the chemical nature and molecular interactions of the elements.