A Comprehensive Printable List of Geometry Formulas

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Geometry is great fun when you have all the geometrical formulas on your fingertips. This ScienceStruck article provides a complete printable list of geometrical formulas.

The circumference of a circle can be explained as follows: If you take a thread or a string and curve it around so as to form a circle, then the circumference of the circle is the length of the straightened string.

When it comes to the subject of geometry, it mainly includes the nature of shapes, how to define them, and what we are taught in relation to the world at large. Learning geometry is actually knowing the core of everything that exists on Earth, including you. We outline the formulas in geometry that are pretty simple to memorize. * Click anywhere on the article to obtain a print.

2-D figures (Area and Perimeter)
Area: Area of a 2-dimensional surface is the extent covered by it enclosed within a boundary. Perimeter: Perimeter is the length of the line enclosing a surface. It is the sum of all sides for a polygon. The perimeter of a circle is called its circumference.

  1. Area of a triangle when base and height are given: (refer fig.1)
    A (△) = 1 x b x h

    A (△) = Area of Triangle b = Base h = Height

  2. Area of a triangle when all 3 sides are given: (refer fig.2)

    A (△)=√ s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c), where s is the semiperimeter and a, b, c are the sides of the triangle. Perimeter of a triangle= a+b+c If s is the semiperimeter,

    s = a+b+c
area of a triangle when base and height are givenarea of a triangle when all 3 sides are given
  1. When 2 sides and the angle between them is known, (refer to fig.2)
    A(△) = 1 x a x b x SinC
    A(△) = 1 x b x c x SinA
    A(△) = 1 x a x c x SinB

    Where, A △ = Area of Triangle a, b, c are the sides, SinA, SinB, SinC = are the sines of the corresponding angles between the sides

  2. Area of a triangle when inradius is given (refer fig.3) A=r x s where r=inradius and s=semiperimeter
  3. Area of a triangle when circumradius is given, (refer fig.4)
    A (△) = a x b x c

    where a, b, c are sides of the triangle and R is the circumradius

area of a triangle when inradius is givenarea of a triangle when circumradius is given
  1. Area of an equilateral triangle (refer to fig.5)
    A (△) = √3 x a2

    where a is the side of the equilateral triangle

  2. Area of an isosceles triangle (refer fig.6)
    A (△) = c x √ 4a2-c2

    Where a is the length of 2 equal sides and c is the length of third side.

  3. Area of a right-angled triangle (refer to fig.7) A (△) =½ x (product of perpendicular sides)
equilateral triangleisosceles triangleright angled triangle

A polygon is a geometrical figure which is closed and has more than 2 straight sides. A polygon with: 3 sides is known as a triangle, 4 sides is known as a quadrilateral, 5 sides is known as a pentagon, 6 sides is known as a hexagon, 7 sides is known as a heptagon, 8 sides is known as a octagon, 9 sides is known as a nonagon, 10 sides is known as a decagon. For a Regular Polygon with n sides: Sum of all interior angles = (n-2) x 180º How to find value of one angle of a regular polygon when number of its sides are given?

Value of one angle of a regular polygon = (n-2)x180º

Value of interior angle + value of exterior angle = 180º Area of a regular polygon = ½ x (perimeter) x (perpendicular from center to any side) Perimeter of a polygon= sum of all sides of the polygon.

Cyclic Polygon
Cyclic Polygon

If all vertices of a polygon lie on a circle, then that polygon is called a cyclic polygon.

when diagonals of a quadrilateral are known

Sum of all the 4 angles of a quadrilateral = 360º Area of a quadrilateral = ½ x (diagonal) x (sum of perpendicular from the opposite vertices) Area of a quadrilateral= ½ x d1 x d2 x sin θ where d1 and d2 are the diagonals and θ is the angle between them.

when a parallelogram's base and height are known

Area of a parallelogram = base x altitude


Area of a rhombus = ½ x product of diagonals


Area of a square = side2 Area of a square= ½ x (diagonal)2 Perimeter = 4 x side


Area of a rectangle = length x breadth Perimeter = 2 x (length + breadth)


Area of a trapezium = ½ x (sum of parallel sides) x height


Area of a kite = ½ x d1 x d2 where d1 and d2 are diagonals

Cyclic Quadrilateral

Area of a cyclic quadrilateral = √ (s-a)(s-b)(s-c)(s-d) where s is the semiperimeter and a, b, c, d are the sides of the cyclic quadrilateral

s = a+b+c+d

Area of a circle = π r2 Circumference of circle = 2πr

3-D Figures (Volume and Surface area)

Volume: 3-dimensional figures occupy some space. Volume is a measure of this space occupied by them. Volume can also said to be the space contained within a 3-dimensional figure. Surface Area: The amount of paper required to cover the 3-dimensional figure entirely is its surface area. If a figure has curved surfaces, its surface area is called curved surface area. Total surface area is the sum of flat surface area and curved surface area. In the following table: Diag. stands for diagram Vol. stands for volume SA stands for Surface area LSA stands for lateral surface area CSA stands for curved surface area TSA stands for total surface area

3D Figure Diag. Vol. SA
Cube a3 TSA = 6a2 LSA = 4a2
Cuboid l x b x h TSA = 2(lb + lh + bh) LSA= 2(l + b)h
Sphere 4/3πr3 CSA= 4πr2
Cylinder πr2h CSA = 2πrh TSA = 2πr( r + h)
Cone 1/3πr2h CSA = πrl TSA = πr2 + πrl
Hemisphere 2/3πr3 CSA = 3πr2

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