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Roman Numerals 1 to 100

Roman Numerals 1 to 100

Converting decimal numbers into Roman numbers might seem difficult. But, this article will help you in doing just that in a simple yet effective way.
ScienceStruck Staff
We all must have seen the Roman numbers on our watches or clock faces, list items, chapter headings, copyright dates, or may be the titles of films with sequels. But, we seldom think about the history of Roman numerals. Let's travel back in time and try to trace the origin of Roman numerals.
History of Roman Numerals
The history of Roman numbers dates back to the 1st millennium BCE when they were used to record numbers on stones, coins, or in some art form. Records have been found which confirm that they were used by ancient Etruscan. Roman numerals have originated in ancient Rome where they were used in their numeral system. They were also used to number the entrances of the various sections of the Colosseum which was built around 80 CE. Many historians contend that the digits in the Roman numerals are related to the hand signals made by one person to another. For example, I, II, III correspond to the fingers held up to convey the corresponding value (which we all still do). Now, let us try to understand as to how to read these numerals.
Roman Numerals Conversion
Roman numerals use certain letters of the alphabet which are combined to form the sum or difference of their values. This system does not include a zero and the decimal is not directly positional. The numerals are based on seven symbols. I for unit, V for five, X for ten, etc. Seven basic symbols have been given below:

Symbol Value
I One
V Five
X Ten
L Fifty
C One Hundred
D Five Hundred
M One Thousand
Large Roman Numerals Conversion Chart
For large numbers, i.e., 4000 and above, a bar is placed above the basic symbol. Another way to represent large numbers is to place parentheses around the basic symbol.

Symbol Value
V or (V) Five Thousand
X or (X) Ten Thousand
L or (L) Fifty Thousand
C or (C) One Hundred Thousand
D or (D) Five Hundred Thousand
M or (M) One Million

This pattern can be extrapolated to arrive at this generic table:

x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9
Ones I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX
Tens X XX XXX XL L LX LXX LXXX XC
Hundreds C CC CCC CD D DC DCC DCCC CM
Thousands M MM MMM IV V VI VII VIII IX
Ten Thousands X XX XXX XL L LX LXX LXXX XC
Hundred Thousands C CC CCC CD D DC DCC DCCC CM
Learning Roman Numerals
Some people (in fact most of us) might find the above tables difficult to remember. So, here is a 'Mantra' that will help you remember the chart for a very long time.

'My Dear Cousin Loves Xmas Vacations'

My M 1000
Dear D 500
Cousin C 100
Loves L 50
Xmas X 10
Vacations V 5
Roman Numerals 1 to 100 Chart
Now, if you want a list of 1 - 100 Roman numerals, take a look at the conversion chart which is given below for your reference.

1 I 11 XI 21 XXI 31 XXXI 41 XLI 51 LI 61 LXI 71 LXXI 81 LXXXI 91 XCI
2 II 12 XII 22 XXII 32 XXXII 42 XLII 52 LII 62 LXII 72 LXXII 82 LXXXII 92 XCII
3 III 13 XIII 23 XXIII 33 XXXIII 43 XLIII 53 LIII 63 LXIII 73 LXXIII 83 LXXXIII 93 XCIII
4 IV 14 XIV 24 XXIV 34 XXXIV 44 XLIV 54 LIV 64 LXIV 74 LXXIV 84 LXXXIV 94 XCIV
5 V 15 XV 25 XXV 35 XXXV 45 XLV 55 LV 65 LXV 75 LXXV 85 LXXXV 95 XCV
6 VI 16 XVI 26 XXVI 36 XXXVI 46 XLVI 56 LVI 66 LXVI 76 LXXVI 86 LXXXVI 96 LCVI
7 VII 17 XVII 27 XXVII 37 XXXVII 47 XLVII 57 LVII 67 LXVII 77 LXXVII 87 LXXXVII 97 XCVII
8 VIII 18 XVIII 28 XXVIII 38 XXXVIII 48 XLVIII 58 LVIII 68 LXVIII 78 LXXVIII 88 LXXXVIII 98 XCVIII
9 IX 19 XIX 29 XXIX 39 XXXIX 49 XLIX 59 LIX 69 LXIX 79 LXXIX 89 LXXXIX 99 XCIX
10 X 20 XX 30 XXX 40 XL 50 L 60 LX 70 LXX 80 LXXX 90 XC 100 C
Printable Roman Numerals Chart for Kids
Now, kids often get assignments regarding Roman numerals. Given below is a link containing a chart. Click on the link given below, save the file, and take a printout.

Click to Download Free Printable Roman Numerals Chart.
So, in the above article we learned about the history of Roman numerals, their conversion, and we also saw the symbols from 1 to 100. Hoping that this article will prove to be useful to you. You can save the Roman numerals chart for your further reference and can also take a printout. If you liked the above article, spare a few seconds and leave a comment in the comment box below.