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A Complete List of Landlocked Countries in the World

A List of Landlocked Countries in the World
Landlocked countries include those sovereign states in the world that are surrounded completely by land―by other countries―usually with no coast at all. Here is an intriguing list of landlocked countries that never have witnessed the 'sea resource'.
Rujuta Patil
Last Updated: Feb 23, 2018
Did You Know?
Eritrea became independent in the year 1993, turning Ethiopia into a landlocked country.
Landlocked refers to being surrounded by land completely. A landlocked country is any sovereign state that is entirely confined on all sides by land, or even if there is a coast, it is along a closed sea. Closed seas do not allow any outflow of water, for instance into an ocean or a river; the Tarim Basin in China's Xinjiang region, Caspian Sea between Europe and Asia, or the Aral Sea between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, are some examples.

Waters bodies are of high strategic significance in geopolitics. This has been so since centuries. Control over the high seas or international waters has been a major deciding factor in history. In fact, it is clearly evident from the fact why every nation-state strives to develop and maintain a strong and competitive navy in today's world. Access to the sea is also a potential resource for the economy of a country. Nevertheless, being landlocked does not necessarily pose a disadvantage for all, as geography is only one of the many influential factors in a country's economy. Much also depends on the political relations between two or more neighbors.
Largest Landlocked Countries by Area
Landlocked countries Kazakhstan and Mongolia Map
Kazakhstan
Area: 2,724,900 square kilometers
Population: 17,948,816
Capital: Astana
Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan are neighbors to Kazakhstan. The Caspian Sea borders the country on its west. Looking at it, in a map, gives a feel as if Kazakhstan is trying to eat away the Caspian Sea.
Mongolia
Area: 1,566,000 square kilometers
Population: 2,953,190
Capital: Ulan Bator
To its north lies Russia, and China surrounds it on the other three sides.
Landlocked countries Mali Niger Map
Chad
Area: 1,284,000 square kilometers
Population: 11,412,107
Capital: N'Djamena
Beginning from the north, Chad is surrounded by Libya, Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.
Niger
Area: 1,267,000 square kilometers
Population: 17,466,172
Capital: Niamey
Niger has Chad on its east, Mali on its west, Burkina Faso at the southeastern end, Benin and Nigeria to the south, and Algeria and Libya on the north side, as its neighbors.

Mali
Area: 1,240,192 square kilometers
Population: 16,455,903
Capital: Bamako
Mali is landlocked by Mauritania on the west, Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea, and Senegal on the south.
Landlocked countries Ethiopia Map
Ethiopia
Area: 1,104,300 square kilometers
Population: 96,633,458
Capital: Addis Ababa
Ethiopia got landlocked entirely after Eritrea's independence. It is surrounded by Djibouti, Somaliland, Somalia, Kenya, South Sudan, and Sudan.
Landlocked countries Bolivia Map
Bolivia
Area: 1,098,581 square kilometers
Population: 10,631,486
Capital: Sucre
Bolivia is landlocked by Chile and Peru on the west, and with Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina as its neighbors on the eastern and southern fronts.
Landlocked countries Zambia Map
Zambia
Area: 752,618 square kilometers
Population: 14,638,505
Capital: Lusaka
Surrounded by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, and Angola, Zambia is a landlocked country located in southern Africa.
Landlocked countries Afghanistan Map
Afghanistan
Area: 652,864 square kilometers
Population: 31,822,848
Capital: Kabul
Afghanistan is kept away from the Arabian Sea by Pakistan on its south. It shares its borders with Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China too.
Landlocked countries Central African Republic Map
Central African Republic
Area: 622,984 km square kilometers
Population: 5,277,959
Capital: Bangui
Located at the heart of the African continent, it is landlocked by Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo on the western and eastern fronts. Other neighboring countries include Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, and Democratic Republic of the Congo.
List of Other Landlocked Countries
Here is a list of all other landlocked countries. Mentioned below the name of the country are those countries which surround it.

Andorra (Principality)
Spain and France.

Armenia
Turkey, Georgia, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, and Azerbaijan.

Austria
Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein.

Azerbaijan
Russia, Georgia, Armenia, and Iran.

Belarus
Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia.

Bhutan
India and China.

Botswana
South Africa, Namibia, and Zimbabwe.

Burkina Faso
Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Ivory Coast.

Burundi
Rwanda, Tanzania, and Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Czech Republic
Germany, Austria, Slovakia, and Poland.

Hungary
Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, and Austria.

Kosovo
Republic of Macedonia, Albania, Montenegro, and uncontested territory of Serbia.

Kyrgyzstan
Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China.

Laos
Myanmar, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand.

Lesotho
It is an enclave, located within South Africa.

Liechtenstein (Principality)
Switzerland and Austria.

Luxembourg
Belgium, Germany, and France.

Republic of Macedonia
Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Albania.

Malawi
Zambia, Tanzania, and Mozambique.

Moldova
Romania and Ukraine.

Nagorno-Karabakh
An independent, but unrecognized state within Azerbaijan, it is located between Lower Karabakh and Zangezur.

Nepal
India and China.

Paraguay
Argentina, Brazil, and Bolivia.

Rwanda
Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

San Marino (microstate)
It is an enclave within Italy.

Serbia
Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia, and Montenegro.

Slovakia
Czech Republic, Austria, Poland, Ukraine, and Hungary.

South Ossetia
It is a partially recognized state within Georgia, and bordering Russia.

South Sudan
Republic of the Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Central African Republic.

Swaziland
Mozambique and South Africa.

Switzerland
Italy, France, Germany, Austria, and Liechtenstein.

Tajikistan
Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and China.

Turkmenistan
Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Iran.

Uganda
Kenya, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania.

Uzbekistan
It is a doubly landlocked country surrounded by the following landlocked countries: Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.

Vatican City
It is an enclave within the city of Rome, in Italy.

Zimbabwe
South Africa, Zambia, Botswana, and Mozambique.
Cirrus Clouds In Khizi Azerbaijan
Ahorn Boden
Motorbikes Riding On Mountain Road
Flooding
Idyllische Berge Alpine Landschaft Almen
Niger River In The Morning