A Brief Look at the Types of Scientists and Their Area of Expertise

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Types of Scientists

Science is a vast topic, that engulfs everything from the microorganisms to the universe. There are different scientists who expertise in their chosen field of science.

Science is an intriguing field, where you ask questions to find answers. I feel becoming a scientist is more like becoming a secret detective. All you need is to keep the eyes of your mind open to find the cause. Like a crime scene detective, you need to paint a picture of theories and possibilities. When you reach a breakthrough, you are eligible for a Nobel prize. There are different types of scientists, and what they do an in-depth study about each subject. It is all because of the collective effort of scientists around the world over the ages, that we have progressed from the stone age to the modern age today.

Wherever you look, you will find science and its applications in our daily lives. There are different branches of science. Many famous scientists who have dedicated their lives to these various branches of science have become immortal in the world history.

List of Scientists

Science is more of a religion for many today. Scientists believe if something cannot be proven with the help of science, it cannot be termed true. They help explain the phenomenon occurring around us and carry out experiments to create new things. They also help predict results and find useful applications of the applied theories. Scientists have a knack of looking at the world from a different prospective and uncovering the real facts behind the so-called mysteries. They use their scientific knowledge to help people, animals, plants, and the world altogether.

Different Types of Scientists What They Do

Agricultural Scientists

Agricultural Scientists

These scientists study commercial plants, animals, and cultivation techniques that help increase the productivity and sustainability of farm yields.

Archaeologists

Archaeologists

Archaeologists are scientists who study existing and ancient human cultures and their lifestyles.

Astronomers

Astronomers

They study stars, planets, and galaxies.

Astrophysicists

They are the ones who discover, explain, and develop theories and hypotheses on the working of universe using mathematical and physical theories.

Astrobiologists

They investigate the possibility of life on other planets and find out different biospheres are different from Earth and can sustain life.

Biophysicists

These scientists study the interactions between the various systems of a cell, DNA, RNA, and protein biosynthesis, and their interactions using physical science to study biological systems.

Biotechnologist

Biotechnologist

A biotechnologist tends to make use of cellular and biomolecular processes to make new products or solve problems like cure for cancer, find new medications, gene therapy, genetic testing, etc.

Botanists

Botanists

They study the plant kingdom, classification of plants, and plant habitats.

Ecologists

Ecologists

Scientists who study the relationship between living organisms and their ecosystem or environment.

Entomologists

Entomologists

Entomologists study insects are called entomologists.

Evolutionary Biologists

Evolutionary biologists study the origin of species from a common descent, their evolutionary change, multiplication, and diversity with time.

Geneticists

Geneticists

Geneticists scientists study genes, hereditary, and the variation in organisms due to genes.

Herpetologists

Herpetologists

Scientists who study amphibians and reptiles.

Immunologists

Immunologists

Scientists who study the immune system of all living organisms.

Ichthyologists

Those scientists who study fish are called ichthyologists.

Lepidopterists

Lepidopterists

People who are experts in the study of moths, butterflies, skipper butterflies, and moth-butterflies.

Marine Biologists

Marine Biologists

They are scientists who study organisms that live in the ocean and other marine water bodies.

Microbiologists

Microbiologists

Those scientists who study bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protists are called microbiologists.

Mycologists

Scientists who study the genetic and biochemical properties, taxonomical classification, and the uses of fungi.

Neuroscientists

Scientists who study the function of the nervous system.

Ornithologists

Ornithologists

Scientists who study the birds.

Paleontologists

Scientists who study prehistoric life and fossils.

Pathologists

Pathologists

Experts who study cause, effect, and development of diseases and illnesses in the human body are called pathologists.

Pharmacologists

Scientists who study interactions between a living organism and medicines, or chemicals affecting the normal or abnormal biochemical function of a cell.

Physiologists

Those scientists who study function of living systems.

Zoologists

Zoologists

These scientists study the animal kingdom, classification of animals, and animal habits and habitat.

Analytical Chemists

Analytical Chemists

Scientists who apply physical laws and concepts to study the macroscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in a chemical system.

Biochemists

Biochemists

Those who study the chemical reactions taking place in the biological system or living cell.

Inorganic Chemists

Scientists who study the properties and behavior of inorganic compounds.

Organic Chemists

Scientists who study the properties and behavior of organic compounds.

Physical Chemists

Scientists who apply physical laws and concepts to study the macroscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in a chemical system.

Cognitive Scientists

They are experts who study representation and perception of language, reasoning, and emotions in humans and other animal or even a machine.

Geologists

Geologists

Those scientists who study the Earth processes are called geologists.

Glaciologists

Scientists who study natural glaciers, ice, and the phenomenon associated with ice.

Hydrologists

Hydrologists

Those who study movement, distribution, and quality of water throughout the planet.

Limnologists

Experts who study the inland waters are called Limnologists.

Meteorologists

Meteorologists

Scientists who study changes in the Earth’s atmosphere that affect weather conditions.

Mineralogists

Those who study the chemical, physical, and crystalline structure of minerals.

Oceanographers

Experts who study the oceans, related marine life and ecosystems.

Seismologists

Scientists who study earthquakes are called seismologists.

Volcanologists

Scientists who study lava, volcanoes, and other related geological processes.

Mathematicians

Those geniuses who study the field of mathematics are called mathematicians.

Statisticians

They are experts who study theoretical statistics or applied statistics.

Computer Scientists

People who are expert in the theoretical processes, computational systems, and their applications.

Medical Scientists

medical scientists

Scientists who carry out clinical trials to find out revolutionary solutions in the field of medicine.

Physicists

Physicists study and understand the laws of physics. Go through the list of famous physicists.

Anthropologists

Experts who study about humanity and the way humans behave.

Ethnologists

They are experts who study the origins, distribution, religion, language, and social structure of the ethnic groups and racial communities.

Criminologists

Criminologists

They study the nature, cause, and behavior of criminals within the society.

Geographers

Those who study the geography of Earth, human habitat, and physical environment of the planet are called geographers.

Science is a rich field, wherein you can build yourself an enriching career. If you have the fire of curiosity burning within you, then becoming a scientist is the career for you. As you can see in the preceding list, there are different fields of science that will help you satisfy your urge to find answers to the unknown. So, get your chemistry box ready and dissection box in place, there is a whole lot of discoveries and inventions awaiting budding scientists like you.

Scientist
Group Of Scientist In Laboratory
Scientist Doing A Lab Research
Female Scientist

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