How Many Countries in the World

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How Many Countries in the World

How many countries are there in the world are there? This article provides an extensive list of all the countries listed by the United Nations, with their capitals.

One would think that answering the question as to how many countries are there in the world would be an easy task. However, listing the exact number of countries in the world is quite a cumbersome task, and the answer may vary depending on the source of information. The number of countries in the world may vary from 189, 191, 192, 193, 194 to 195. As of April 26, 2009, the United Nations (UN) has 192 members listed as recognized independent countries of the world.

However, UN considers Taiwan to be a part of China, and not as an independent country, even though it meets most of the requirements of an independent nation. Taiwan has failed to emerge as an independent country due to political reasons, which is why it is clubbed with China, in the United Nations list of countries.

Moreover, since countries like the Vatican City and Kosovo are not signed up with the United Nations, they are not included in UN’s final tally of 192. Sources that consider Taiwan, Vatican City and Kosovo as independent nations have managed to jot down a total of 195 countries. We all know that facts cannot be relative and need to have a definite answer. However, in the case of ‘how many countries are there in the world’, one has the liberty to go with the UN’s tally or other citations. Let’s have a look at United Nation’s list of 192 countries in alphabetical order.

Number of Countries in the World

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | Y | Z |

This table features the name of the country in the first column, with the continent it belongs to in brackets beside it. The adjacent column features the respective capital of that country.


Country Capital
Afghanistan (AS) Kabul
Albania (EU) Tirane
Algeria (AF) Algers
Andorra (EU) Andorra la Vella
Angola (AF) Luanda
Antigua and Barbuda (NA) St. John’s
Argentina (SA) Buenos Aires
Armenia (EU) Yerevan
Australia (AU) Canberra
Austria (EU) Vienna
Azerbaijan (AS) Baku



Country Capital
Bahamas (NA) Nassau
Bahrain (AS) Manama
Bangladesh (AS) Dhaka
Barbados (NA) Bridgetown
Belarus (EU) Minsk
Belgium (EU) Brussels
Belize (NA) Belmopan
Benin (AF) Port-Novo
Bhutan (AS) Thimphu
Bolivia (SA) Sucre
Bosnia and Herzegovina (EU) Sarajevo
Botswana (AF) Gaborone
Brazil (SA) Brasilia
Brunei (AS) Bander Seri Begawan
Bulgaria (EU) Sofia
Burkina Faso (AF) Ouagadougou
Burma/Myanmar (AS) Yangon
Burundi (AF) Bujumbura



Country Capital
Cambodia (AS) Phnom Penh
Cameroon (AF) Yaounde
Canada (NA) Ottawa
Cape Verde (EU – Portugal) Praia
Central African Republic (AF) Bangui
Chad (AF) N’Djamena
Chile (SA) Santiago
China (AS) Beijing
Colombia (SA) Bogota
Comoros (AF) Moroni
Congo (AF) Brazzaville
Congo, Democratic Republic of (AF) Kinshasa
Costa Rica (NA) San Jose
Cote d’Ivoire/Ivory Coast (AF) Yamoussoukro
Croatia (EU) Zagreb
Cuba (NA) Havana
Cyprus (AS) and/or (EU) Nicosia
Czech Republic (EU) Prague



Country Capital
Denmark (EU) Copenhagen
Djibouti (AF) Djibouti
Dominica (NA) Roseau
Dominican Republic (NA) Santo Domingo


Country Capital
East Timor (AS) Dili
Ecuador (SA) Quito
Egypt (AF) Cairo
El Salvador (NA) San Salvador
Equatorial Guinea (AF) Malabo
Eritrea (AF) Asmara
Estonia (EU) Tallinn
Ethiopia (AF) Addis Ababa



Country Capital
Fiji (Oceania) Suva
Finland (EU) Helsinki
France (EU) Paris



Country Capital
Gabon (AF) Liberville
Gambia (AF) Banjul
Georgia (EU) Tbilisi
Germany (EU) Berlin
Ghana (AF) Accra
Greece (EU) Athens
Grenada (NA) St. George’s
Guatemala (NA) Guatemala City
Guinea (AF) Conakry
Guinea-Bissau (AF) Bissau
Guyana (SA) Georgetown



Country Capital
Haiti (NA) Port-au-Prince
Honduras (NA) Tegucigalpa
Hungary (EU) Budapest



Country Capital
Iceland (EU) Reykjavik
India (AS) New Delhi
Indonesia (AS) Jakarta
Iran (AS) Tehran
Iraq (AS) Baghdad
Ireland (EU) Dublin
Israel (AS) Jerusalem
Italy (EU) Rome



Country Capital
Jamaica (NA) Kingston
Japan (AS) Tokyo
Jordan (AS) Amman



Country Capital
Kazakstan (AS) Astana
Kenya (AF) Nairobi
Kiribati (AU – Oceania) Bairiki
Korea, North (AS) Pyongyang
Korea, South (AS) Seoul
Kuwait (AS) Kuwait City
Kyrgyzstan (AS) Bishkek



Country Capital
Laos (AS) Vientiane
Latvia (EU) Riga
Lebanon (AS) Beirut
Lesotho (AF) Maseru
Liberia (AF) Monrovia
Libya (AF) Tripoli
Liechtenstein (EU) Vaduz
Lithuania (EU) Vilnius
Luxembourg (EU) Luxembourg



Country Capital
Macedonia (EU) Skopje
Madagascar (AF) Antananarivo
Malawi (AF) Lilongwe
Malaysia (AS) Kuala Lumpur
Maldives (AS) Male
Mali (AF) Bamako
Malta (EU) Valletta
Marshall Islands (AU – Oceania) Majuro
Mauritania (AF) Nouakchott
Mauritius (AF) Port Louis
Mexico (NA) Mexico City
Micronesia (AU – Oceania) Palikir
Moldova (EU) Chisinau
Monaco (EU) Monaco
Mongolia (AS) Ulan Bator
Montenegro (EU) Podgorica
Morocco (AF) (including Western Sahara) Rabat
Mozambique (AF) Maputo



Country Capital
Namibia (AF) Windhoek
Nauru (AU – Oceania) No official capital
Nepal (AS) Kathmandu
Netherlands (EU) Amsterdam, The Hague
New Zealand (AU) Wellington
Nicaragua (NA) Managua
Niger (AF) Niamey
Nigeria (AF) Abuja
Norway (EU) Oslo



Country Capital
Oman (AS) Muscat



Country Capital
Pakistan (AS) Islamabad
Palau (AU – Oceania) Koror
Panama (NA) Panama City
Papua New Guinea (AU) Port Moresby
Paraguay (SA) Asuncion
Peru (SA) Lima
Philippines (AS) Manila
Poland (EU) Warsaw
Portugal (EU) Lisbon



Country Capital
Qatar (AS) Doha



Country Capital
Romania (EU) Bucharest
Russian Federation (AS) Moscow
Rwanda (AF) Kigali



Country Capital
Saint Kitts and Nevis (NA) Basseterre
Saint Lucia (NA) Castries
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (NA) Kingstown
Samoa (AU – Oceania) Apia
San Marino (EU) San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe (AF) Sao Tome
Saudi Arabia (AS) Riyadh
Senegal (AF) Dakar
Serbia (EU) Belgrade
Seychelles (AF) Victoria
Sierra Leone (AF) Freetown
Singapore (AS) Singapore City
Slovakia (EU) Bratislava
Slovenia (EU) Ljubljana
Solomon Islands (AU – Oceania) Honiara
Somalia (AF) Mogadishu
South Africa (AF) Pretoria, Cape Town, Bloemfontein
Spain (EU) Madrid
Sri Lanka (AS) Colombo
Sudan (AF) Khartoum
Suriname (SA) Paramaribo
Swaziland (AF) Mbabane
Sweden (EU) Stockholm
Switzerland (EU) Bern
Syria (AS) Damascus



Country Capital
Tajikistan (AS) Dushanbe
Tanzania (AF) Dodoma
Thailand (AS) Bangkok
Togo (AF) Lome
Tonga (AU – Oceania) Nuku’alofa
Trinidad and Tobago (NA) Port-of-Spain
Tunisia (AF) Tunis
Turkey (AS) & (EU) Ankara
Turkmenistan (AS) Ashgabat
Tuvalu (AU – Oceania) Funafuti



Country Capital
Uganda (AF) Kampala
Ukraine (EU) Kiev
United Arab Emirates (AS) Abu Dhabi
United Kingdom (EU) London
United States (NA) Washington D.C.
Uruguay (SA) Montevideo
Uzbekistan (AS) Tashkent



Country Capital
Vanuatu (AU – Oceania) Port-Vila
Venezuela (SA) Caracas
Vietnam (AS) Hanoi



Country Capital
Yemen (AS) Sana



Country Capital
Zambia (AF) Lusaka
Zimbabwe (AF) Harare


Don’t forget that Kosovo, Vatican city and Taiwan are not included in this list. Moreover, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland all make up a single country called United Kingdom, however, some prefer to consider them as independent nations. This will further cause variation in the total tally. There are many such examples of places that are considered countries but not included in the above list of the UN.

If your country has been excluded from the above list, please do not get offended. The above list of countries simply puts down the list of countries mentioned by the United Nations.

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