Different Types of Alloys

Different Types of Alloys

A combination of two or more metallic or non-metallic elements, an alloy is a completely new material with varying properties. This Buzzle article provides information on the different types of alloys.
An alloy is defined as a mixture of two or more elements, out of which at least one has to be a metal. It could be a combination of two or more metals, or the combination of a metal or metals with a nonmetal. The main component or metal in an alloy is referred to as the main metal or the base metal. Basically, the objective for creating alloys is that the combination of these metals and nonmetals imparts certain qualities. For instance, stainless steel, which is an alloy of steel and chromium, doesn't rust or corrode like steel. The following sections list out some of the common alloys.

List of Alloys
Some well-known metals like aluminum, cobalt, copper, etc., have more than five types of alloys. Every metal has at least one alloy. Most of these alloys are used for industrial purposes. Here is a short list of alloys of some metals.

Aluminum

AA-8000
Alnico (aluminum, nickel, copper)
Duralumin (copper, aluminum)
Zamak (zinc, aluminum, magnesium, copper)
Silumin (aluminum, silicon)

Aluminum forms other complex alloys with magnesium, manganese, and platinum.

Bismuth

Wood's metal (bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium)
Field's metal
Rose metal (bismuth, lead, tin)

Cobalt

Stellite (cobalt, chromium, tungsten or molybdenum, carbon)
Talonite (cobalt, chromium)
Ultimet (cobalt, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, iron, tungsten)
Vitallium
Megallium

Copper

Arsenical copper
Beryllium copper (copper, beryllium)
Brass (copper, zinc)
Billon (copper, silver)
Bronze (copper, tin, aluminum or any other element)
Constantan (copper, nickel)
Cunife (copper, nickel, iron)
Copper-tungsten (copper, tungsten)
Cupronickel (copper, nickel)
Cymbal alloys (Bell metal) (copper, tin)
Electrum (copper, gold, silver)
Heusler alloy (copper, manganese, tin)
Hepatizon (copper, gold, silver)
Manganin (copper, manganese, nickel)
Nickel silver (copper, nickel)
Shakudo (copper, gold)
Nordic gold (copper, aluminum, zinc, tin)

Gold

Tumbaga (gold, copper)
Electrum (gold, silver, copper)
White gold (gold, nickel, palladium, or platinum)
Rose gold (gold, copper)

Iron

Anthracite iron (carbon)
Pig iron (carbon)
Cast iron (carbon)
Wrought iron (carbon)

Ferrous Alloys

Steel (carbon)
Silicon steel (silicon)
Stainless steel (chromium, nickel)
Tool steel (tungsten or manganese)
Chromoly (chromium, molybdenum)

Lead

Antimonial lead (lead, antimony)
Solder (lead, tin)
Molybdochalkos (lead, copper)
Type metal (lead, tin, antimony)

Nickel

Alumel (nickel, manganese, aluminum, silicon)
Cupronickel (nickel, bronze, copper)
Chromel (nickel, chromium)
German silver (nickel, copper, zinc)
Hastelloy (nickel, molybdenum, chromium, sometimes tungsten)
Monel metal (copper, nickel, iron, manganese)
Inconel (nickel, chromium, iron)

Zinc

Zamak (zinc, aluminum, magnesium, copper)

On a concluding note, there are numerous alloys that are commonly used in several industries. Basically, in an alloy, the properties of the main constituent or metal is enhanced by combining it with another metal or non-metal.