# The Fascinating Concept of Lorentz Contraction Explained

One of the most intriguing predictions of Einstein's special theory of relativity is Lorenz contraction. Here is a short explanation of the same.

ScienceStruck Staff

Last Updated: Sep 28, 2018

Definition

Lorentz contraction is a phenomenon of shortening of the length dimension of an object, in the direction that is parallel to its velocity of movement, with respect to a stationary frame and observable from it. This shortening of the object is directly proportional to its velocity.

^{8}m/s) in a parallel direction to its length. For a stationary observer, it will appear to have shrunk horizontally. This is Lorentz contraction.

Formula

No phenomenon can be studied without the establishment of an equation that describes it completely, as it enables quantification and experimental verification. The formula is as follows.

**L' = L x √(1 - v**^{2}/c^{2})^{2}/c

^{2})' is called the Lorentz factor. The length contraction can be determined by multiplying the rest length of the object by the Lorentz factor.