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A Complete List of All the Countries in Asia

List of Countries in Asia
Asia is the largest continent in the world, both in terms of area and population. Read on to know more about the countries in this gigantic continent.
ScienceStruck Staff
Last Updated: May 31, 2018
Asia (highlighted) in the world map
Map of Asia
Asia is a land of extremes. Not only is it the largest continent in the world, but it also contains the -
  • two most populous countries in the world, China and India.
  • most populous democracy in the world, India.
  • largest country in the world, Russia.
  • the highest point on the surface of the Earth, Mt. Everest, and the deepest, the Mariana Trench.
  • 5 most populous megacities in the world: Tokyo, Shanghai, Jakarta, Delhi, and Seoul.
  • 5 of the ten most densely populated countries in the world, Singapore, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Maldives, Palestine.
Asia contains 49 countries (excluding Taiwan, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Northern Cyprus, Nagorno-Karabakh, Hong Kong and Macau).
List of countries on the basis of region
Geographically, Asia is divided into 6 regions:
  • North Asia
  • South Asia
  • West Asia
  • Central Asia
  • East Asia
  • Southeast Asia
North Asia
North Asia
The gigantic Russia constitutes the entire region of North Asia, and extends across the Urals into Europe. The Soviet Union contained numerous countries in West and Central Asia, which separated during its division.

Country: Russia

Capital: Moscow
South Asia
South Asia
The Indian subcontinent constitutes the South Asian region. This region has gained notoriety due to the continual struggle between the two regional powers, India and Pakistan, and the tripartite clashes over the volatile region of Kashmir between India, Pakistan and the latter's ally, PR China; all three being nuclear weapon states.

The region hosts the most populous river system in the world -- the Ganga (Ganges) river system across northern India, Nepal, and Bangladesh, and the largest mangrove forest in the world -- the Sunderbans.

Country: India
Capital: New Delhi

Country: Pakistan
Capital: Islamabad

Country: Bangladesh
Capital: Dhaka

Country: Sri Lanka
Capital: Colombo (Commercial Capital),
              Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Administrative Capital)

Country: Nepal
Capital: Kathmandu

Country: Bhutan
Capital: Thimphu

Country: Maldives
Capital: Male
West Asia
West Asia
West Asia, also called the Middle East, is famous for being the 'cradle of mankind'. The first civilizations in human history flourished in these regions. It is famous for the vast stores of oil it holds. The epicenter of the centuries-old struggle between Jews and Arabs is Israel, situated in the Middle East.

Country: Saudi Arabia
Capital: Riyadh

Country: Oman
Capital: Muscat

Country: Jordan
Capital: Amman

Country: Qatar
Capital: Doha

Country: Kuwait
Capital: Kuwait City

Country: United Arab Emirates
Capital: Abu Dhabi

Country: Bahrain
Capital: Manama

Country: Armenia
Capital: Yerevan

Country: Azerbaijan
Capital: Baku

Country: Georgia
Capital: Tbilisi

Country: Yemen
Capital: Sana'a

Country: Iraq
Capital: Baghdad

Country: Iran
Capital: Tehran

Country: Afghanistan
Capital: Kabul

Country: Israel
Capital: Jerusalem

Country: Lebanon
Capital: Beirut

Country: Palestine
Capital: East Jerusalem

Country: Turkey
Capital: Ankara

Country: Cyprus
Capital: Nicosia

Country: Syria
Capital: Damascus
NOTE:

1. Turkey, Cyprus, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan are politically included in Europe, but geographically in Asia.


2. A part of Egypt, the Sinai peninsula, lies on the other side of the Suez canal in Asia. but Egypt is not considered as an Asian country because of it.
Central Asia
Central Asia
This region, previously a part of the Soviet Union, is one of the most inhospitable on earth. Formed by deserts, mountains and steppes, this region houses some of the least densely populated countries in the world.

Country: Kazakhstan
Capital: Astana

Country: Tajikistan
Capital: Dushanbe

Country: Kyrgyzstan
Capital: Bishkek

Country: Uzbekistan
Capital: Tashkent

Country: Turkmenistan
Capital: Ashgabat
East Asia
East Asia
With much of East Asia blanketed by the Gobi desert, and the rest wracked by earthquakes with a frightening regularity, it may be surprising to know that this seemingly uninhabitable region holds three of the world's biggest economies -- Japan, South Korea and PR China.

Country: Japan
Capital: Tokyo

Country: PR China
Capital: Beijing

Country: North Korea
Capital: Pyongyang

Country: South Korea
Capital: Seoul

Country: Mongolia
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
Lying across the Equator, this hot, humid region is defined by its lush rainforests, beautiful coasts and, rather tragically, the iconic Vietnam War. This region is one of the most densely populated regions in the world, and is a globally popular travel destination.

Country: Indonesia
Capital: Jakarta

Country: Malaysia
Capital: Kuala Lumpur

Country: Philippines
Capital: Manila

Country: Singapore
Capital: Singapore (City-state)

Country: Brunei
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan

Country:Timor-Leste
Capital: Dili

Country: Myanmar
Capital: Naypyidaw

Country: Thailand
Capital: Bangkok

Country: Laos
Capital: Vientiane

Country: Cambodia
Capital: Phnom Penh

Country: Vietnam
Capital: Hanoi
Asia, well, is truly a giant, and an enchanting and bewildering land of exhilarating extremes.
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