Science experiments can help you to understand the reason behind anything and everything. As we grow up, we get to know many things which we as kids, thought was a magic. To make a kid understand the difference between magic and reality, you need to show him the science behind it. You will not face any difficulty in doing so as they are always curious to know about it. It is a basic human ability to remember things which he watches and does by himself. Hence, practical exercises are very importantly included in the syllabus.
Few things you should keep in mind while selecting the experiments for kids. Foremost thing is to take a simple concept. If the concept is complicated, it will not fulfill the purpose of performing that experiment. Hence select age appropriate and simple experiments. Other thing is that you need to opt for the experiments which are non-toxic and can be easily handled by your kid. Child's safety should be your priority. Here I am going to give you few science experiments which will help you to make these small kids understand simple facts with complete safety.
Easy Kindergarten Science Experiments
- Two balloons
- One wooden stick
- Your favorite color ribbon
Take two balloons. Fill one of the balloons with air and tie a knot at its mouth so that the air does not come out of it. Leave the second balloon without air. Now take two strings of thread as long as the size of your hand and tie at the mouth of both the balloons (the balloon with air as well as the balloon without air) so that they can be hung easily. Now take a wooden stick and tie the ribbon at its center. After this, take the thread of the blown balloon and tie it at one of the end of the stick. Tie the balloon without air on the other end. Now hold the ribbon from the top. What do you observe? Stick will tilt towards the side of the blown balloon.Observation and Conclusion
This experiment shows that the stick tilts towards the side of the blown balloon. This means air has weight.
- White coffee filter
- Several colored markers
- Straw or eye dropper
This is one of the best science experiments for kids with colors. Take the coffee filter and put some color spots with the help of different colored markers. Put the spots far from each other to avoid the mixing of colors. Now with the help of dropper, put few drops of water on each spots. Then leave the filter to dry. Observation and Conclusion
You will observe different colors spreading out of the spot. This is because many secondary colors are formed by mixing the primary color. These color spread on the filter paper and you can make out which color is a mixture of how many colors.
- Woolen sweater
- Piece of paper
This can be a part of kindergarten science fair experiments, as it is interesting and easy to perform. Blow a balloon with air and tie a knot on top of it so that the air does not come out of it. You can also use a thread to close the mouth. Now rub this balloon on a woolen sweater and then bring it near a piece of paper. Observation and Conclusion
The piece of paper will stick to the balloon. The reason behind this is, when the balloon is rubbed on the woolen sweater it gets charged up and develops magnetic properties. This makes the paper attracted towards the balloon. Instead of paper if you use any light weight material that will also be lifted up by the balloon. The force applied is known as static electricity.
Fill a bowl with water so that an orange can sink in it. Take an orange and put it into water. It will not sink. Try to push it so that it can sink but it will not. Now peel off the orange and then again put it inside the water. Will it sink this time? Yes it will. Observation and Conclusion
You have observed in this experiment that the orange with the peel was not able to sink inside the water but once it has been peeled off it sank immediately. This is because the peel of the orange has numerous small pores which are filled with air. This makes orange lighter than water and it floats on it. But once we remove the peel the air sacs or air pockets are also removed and hence the orange sinks due to its weight.
Take equal amount of water, oil and syrup. Pour the water in the glass, then pour same amount of oil in the same glass. Then finally add equal amount of syrup too. Ask the kids what will happen to increase their enthusiasm.Observation and Conclusion
You will observe that all the three liquids are separate inside the glass. They are in three different layer. The lower layer is of syrup as it has the maximum density, the middle layer is of water as it has density less than the syrup and the topmost layer will be of oil as it has the least density. You can explain density to the kid as the arrangement of molecule. Give them an example of a class room, the molecules are the kids and the liquid is a classroom. The syrup has maximum number of students hence it has settled down, water has fewer students than the syrup and oil has the lowest number of students. This will help them in understanding the concept.
Though these experiments are very safe, try not to leave your kid alone. Make them perform it in front of you or any experienced person so as to avoid any kind of unexpected circumstances. Apart from the above given experiments, you can get more experiment ideas from your surrounding. These experiments should be simple and easy enough for your kids, as complex experiments may confuse them with the basic concept. Make the world around your kid easier and interesting.