A territory receives its power and authority from the federal government of Canada. New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec were the original provinces that comprised the Dominion of Canada. These provinces had a central government in Ottawa.
Gradually, three more provinces joined the original Canadian provinces. These were British Columbia, Manitoba, and Prince Edward Island. Alberta and Saskatchewan became Canadian provinces in 1905. In 1949, Labrador and Newfoundland was the last province to be included. The most populous province is Ontario, followed by Quebec, British Columbia, and Alberta.
The national government of Canada is bicameral in nature. Seven Canadian provinces have Legislative Assembly as a form of government. The form of government in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador is the House of Assembly. The legislative body of Quebec is called the National Assembly.
However, all the provinces and territories together have only one Legislative House. The three territories of Canada are Nunavut, Yukon and Northwest Territories.
Newfoundland and Labrador is a coastal province popular for its fishing pursuits. Nova Scotia is known for its lighthouses and lobsters. The territories of Canada are wild and very old-fashioned. The population is small compared to the provinces.