# Famous Women Mathematicians Whom We Can Never Forget

The field of mathematics has seen some really outstanding woman power. There are numerous women geniuses who have made their mark in this very intellectual field.

ScienceStruck Staff

Last Updated: Mar 26, 2018

Reserve your right to think, for even to think wrongly is better than not to think at all.― Hypatia

Hypatia

Hypatia is believed to be the first woman mathematician whose contribution to the field is immensely significant.

She was born in Alexandria, Egypt, around 350 CE and was a recognized scholar. Besides being a mathematician, she was also an astronomer and philosopher, and was believed to impart the theories of Plato and Aristotle to students.

Hypatia died a tragic death in 415 CE when she was brutally murdered by a fanatic Christian mob who was convinced that she was a threat to their religion.

She was born in Alexandria, Egypt, around 350 CE and was a recognized scholar. Besides being a mathematician, she was also an astronomer and philosopher, and was believed to impart the theories of Plato and Aristotle to students.

Hypatia died a tragic death in 415 CE when she was brutally murdered by a fanatic Christian mob who was convinced that she was a threat to their religion.

- A commentary on the 13th volume of the famous Greek mathematics text-book, 'Artihmetica'.
- She edited Ptolemy's famous version of the 'Almagest'.
- She edited her father's commentary on 'Euclid's Elements'.
- A commentary on a famous work on Conics by Apollonius.

Maria Gaetana Agnesi

A child prodigy, an Italian linguist, and a math wizard, Maria was a multi-dimensional talent. Born in a wealthy family in 1718, she was the eldest child of her parents, out of the 21 children that her father had with his three wives.

She had a command over several languages by the time she turned 10, and mastered math in her teenage years. She was barely 10 when she delivered a speech in Latin about women's right to be educated to the intellectuals of the time.

She had a command over several languages by the time she turned 10, and mastered math in her teenage years. She was barely 10 when she delivered a speech in Latin about women's right to be educated to the intellectuals of the time.

- She wrote the first book introducing integral and differential calculus.
- She also wrote
*Instituzioni analitiche ad uso della gioventu italiana*―a masterpiece regarded as the best extension to Euler's work. - She determined the equation of a peculiar curve, which came to be known as the 'Witch of Agnesi'.

Sophie Germain

Sophie was born in a wealthy upper class French family, in 1776―the year of the American Revolution. Her father was a wealthy silk merchant, and he later became a director of the Bank of France.

At the time, any sort of 'brain work' was regarded to be unhealthy and dangerous for women. Sophie was, however, not deterred, and she learned mathematics despite social taboos. Her earliest education in the field is widely believed to be self-taught, for she did not have a tutor.

At the time, any sort of 'brain work' was regarded to be unhealthy and dangerous for women. Sophie was, however, not deterred, and she learned mathematics despite social taboos. Her earliest education in the field is widely believed to be self-taught, for she did not have a tutor.

- She worked on number of theories and came up with interesting theorems on prime numbers. She even discovered new identities. Many such numbers are now called "Sophie Germain primes".
- Her work on 'Fermat's Last theorem' was a path-breaking one.
- She was the first woman to attend both 'Academie des Science' and an 'Institut de France' session.

Ada Lovelace

Ada was the only legitimate daughter of the famous poet, 'Lord Byron' and his wife, Anne Isabelle Byron from whom he separated a short while after Ada was born.

Born on December 10, 1815 in Britain, she is designated as the 'first programmer' of the world. She laid the foundation for the massive world of software and computers.

In 1980, the computer programming language "Ada" was named after her. She is recognized to have written the codes for Charles Babbage's 'analytical engine'.

Born on December 10, 1815 in Britain, she is designated as the 'first programmer' of the world. She laid the foundation for the massive world of software and computers.

In 1980, the computer programming language "Ada" was named after her. She is recognized to have written the codes for Charles Babbage's 'analytical engine'.

Sofia Kovalevskaya

Sofia was born on January 15, 1850, in Moscow, Russia. Her parents were both scholarly and encouraged her interest in mathematics. She even had a tutor, who taught her calculus.

She is known as the first major female Russian mathematician. She is also the first woman to be awarded full professorship in Northern Europe. Her work on differential equations known as Kovalevskaya Top is remarkable.

She worked on the Cauchy-Kovalevskaya theorem, which helps understand differential equations.

She is known as the first major female Russian mathematician. She is also the first woman to be awarded full professorship in Northern Europe. Her work on differential equations known as Kovalevskaya Top is remarkable.

She worked on the Cauchy-Kovalevskaya theorem, which helps understand differential equations.

Amalie Emmy Noether

Born in 1882 in Germany, Amalie is remembered for her work in abstract algebra and theoretical physics. She was described by legendary scientists as "the most important woman in mathematical history since the higher education of women began."

Her notable works include theories in algebra, and a theorem that connected conservation laws and symmetry in theoretical physics. She was the recipient of the Ackermann- Teubner Memorial Award in 1932, an honor to be bestowed upon women of that era.

Her notable works include theories in algebra, and a theorem that connected conservation laws and symmetry in theoretical physics. She was the recipient of the Ackermann- Teubner Memorial Award in 1932, an honor to be bestowed upon women of that era.