# Infer the Difference Between Deductive Vs. Inductive Reasoning

The aim behind presenting this comparison between inductive and deductive reasoning is to clear out the differences between these two different methodologies of thought. It will provide you with a perspective on these analytical reasoning techniques.

Omkar Phatak

Last Updated: Mar 16, 2018

Differences Between Deductive and Inductive Reasoning

Conceptual Differences

*Deductive logic*or reasoning is an axiomatic approach to thinking about things. You start from some general principles which are known to be true or assumed to be true and then apply these axiomatic principles to more specific cases. It is like constructing a building, where you place solid foundations, over which higher stories are built.

*Inductive Reasoning*, on the other hand, doesn't start with any axiomatic principles. It is a system of thought, designed to arrive at the greater generalizations, from very specific cases, which is a directly inverse approach to deductive logic. An inductive logician tries to 'guess' at what the universal laws are, from very specific cases he sees. The experimentalists and theorists of any field like physics, chemistry, and biology employ inductive logic to arrive at basic laws of nature.

Deductive Vs. Inductive Reasoning: Pros and Cons

Since we don't know all the fundamental laws of nature, a deductive approach is not feasible most of the time. We need to guess or imagine what the true laws could be, from the patterns we see in nature. That's why inductive logic works in science, where it can supply scientists with testable hypotheses which can explain any phenomenon under study.