Most of us have had a fascination for clouds at some or the other point of time in life, and yet, we hardly know much about them.
Clouds Types Explained
So, clouds are visible masses of droplets or frozen crystals suspended in the atmosphere. It's a well-known fact that there are various kinds of clouds. For kids to understand this topic in its entirety, it becomes very important that they take an active interest in clouds and cloud formations at a young age.
Clouds which appear approximately 20,000 ft above the surface of the Earth are referred to as high-level clouds. Owing to the freezing temperature at this height, these clouds mostly consist of ice crystals. Generally, these thin clouds are white in color. High-level clouds are further divided into two groups: (i) cirrus clouds and (ii) cirrostratus clouds.
These clouds appear at a height of anywhere between 6,500 to 20,000 ft above the surface of the Earth. Due to their low altitude, they are most often formed of water droplets, but at times―especially those appearing on the higher end of demarcated altitude―are composed of ice crystals like high-level clouds.
At about an average of 15,000 ft above the Earth's surface lie the cumulus clouds. These clouds can be distinguished by their tendency to be in a group and their color, which is usually light gray. Mid-level clouds are further categorized into two groups: (i) altocumulus clouds and (ii) altostratus clouds.
Clouds which appear below an altitude of 6,500 ft are known as low-level clouds. These clouds are usually made of water droplets. However, when the temperature is very low, they can contain ice particles or snow. Low-level clouds are further divided into two groups: (i) stratocumulus clouds and (ii) nimbostratus clouds.
Other types of clouds include fair weather cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds; contrails formed due to the injection of water vapor into the atmosphere by exhaust fumes from jet engines; and orographic clouds, which develop as a result of the forced lifting of air on the various topographic structures.