# Biography of Euclid

'There is no royal road to geometry', was the honest view of Euclid - the Father of Geometry.

ScienceStruck Staff

Last Updated: Sep 5, 2018

**Euclid of Alexandria**the

*Father of Geometry*is his book

*The Elements*.

*The Elements*is mainly a compilation of the the mathematical concepts and findings. However, what makes this book probably the most influential books of science of all times is the coherent and logical way in which the findings have been explained.

Facts about Euclid

Euclid probably belonged to a rich family, as he is believed to have attended Plato's school. After his schooling, he taught in Alexandria, where he wrote his book,

*The Elements*. Not much can be said about Euclid's life, mainly because of the lack of general information from such ancient times and also because 'Euclid' was a common name during that era.*Megara*, a Socratic philosopher. But what sets the former apart from the latter is his book, The Elements. The contents of this book is referred to as Euclidean Geometry, and is taught in elementary and middle schools.

The Book ~ 'The Elements'

*The Elements*is a collection of more than 400 propositions arranged in 13 volumes. Volumes 1 to 6 is about plane geometry, Volumes 7 to 9 deal with the number theory, Volume 10 is about the classification of irrational numbers, and Volumes 11 to 13 is about solid geometry. As is evident from the topics,

*The Elements*is not restricted only to geometry.

Controversy

Till the 19th century

*Euclidean Geometry*was undisputed. However, with further study, drawbacks were found by more recent researchers, the most notable being in the 5th postulate. The 5th postulate states that there can be only one line passing through a point and parallel to another line.Other Works

Although

*The Elements*remains his greatest accomplishment, Euclid has quite a few other works to his credit. One of them is*Data*, that is closely related to*The Elements*. His*Division of Figures*deals with dividing figures into equal parts or according to a given ratio.*Phenomena*Euclid has dealt with Spherical geometry.

*Optics*is another notable work of Euclid. Lost works of Euclid include

*Porisms*that probably deals with analytic geometry,

*Surface Loci*,

*Pseudaria*and

*Conics.*

*The Elements*, but the fact still remains that Euclid's work influenced the development of the present day geometry and mathematics.