# Ambiguities and Loopholes in Science

The glaring query that nobody bothers to ask is 'How certain is science?' Brainwashing acts begin from school and become an integral part of the teaching cycle. But the query still remains.

Vishwas Purohit

*'Don't keep forever on the public road, going only where others have gone. Leave the beaten track occasionally and dive into the woods. You will be certain to find something you have never seen before...'*―Alexander Graham Bell

The Gravitational Constant

Statement

The acceleration of gravity,

*g*, is constant, at any location. For instance, the weight of one kilogram near the surface of the Earth, where the acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/sec., every second, is 9.8 Newtons.Facts

Dr. Erwin J. Saxl, a one-time student of Albert Einstein, proved in his experiments that the assumption of gravitational constant is incorrect and obsolete. Dr. Saxl was able to verify that gravity and electricity do, in fact, interact under dynamic conditions. In 1968, Dr. Saxl's claims were unexpectedly confirmed from another corner of the world by a dissertation from the Karl Marx University in Leipzig.

*it appears now certain that the force of gravity can be altered, influenced, and even reversed by electrical forces.*

Remark

If the gravitational constant holds true, then the weight of an object is proportional to its mass. However, while weight and mass are proportional to each other, it should be noted that they are different entities. Weight is the vertical force of gravity, mass is an inertial property. The mass of an object referred to in the law of gravitation is called gravitational mass, in contrast to inertial mass. Einstein used the seeming equality of the inertial and gravitational mass as a basis for the general theory of relativity.

The Speed of Light

Statement

Nothing can exceed the speed of light in vacuum, which is a constant 186,000 miles per second or 299,792 kilometers per second.

Facts

Danish astronomer Olaf Roemer announced the calculation of the speed of light to the Academy of Sciences in Paris in 1676. They had calculated the velocity as 227,000 km/sec, or 141,000 miles per second. In 1926, Prof. A.A. Michelson flashed light between mirrors on mountain peaks 22 miles apart and clocked the speed at 182,284 miles per second. To obtain a more accurate figure, they directed the construction of a tube a mile long at Pasadena, California so that the speed of light could be measured in a vacuum.

*The speed seems to vary with the season and also in a shorter cycle lasting about one weeks.*Finally, the scientists ended by taking an average of all the readings, which was announced in 1934 as 186,271 miles per second.

*tachyons*, a word derived from the Greek 'Tachyos' meaning quick. Feinberg supplied mathematical proof that these particles move infinitely rapidly, but become slower as they approach the speed of light.

*"would prove erroneous Einstein's theory."*

*c*(speed of light) is not prevented by relativity from continuing on its way!

1. 'Mystery of Variation in Speed of Light', in Popular Science Monthly, March 1934, p. 25 (USA)

2. Physical Review, 1967.