# These Accomplishments of Isaac Newton Will Simply Blow You Away

Isaac Newton was one of the most important figures in the field of science. We owe our understanding of the universe to his scientific discoveries. This ScienceStruck article tells you about the accomplishments of Isaac Newton.

Manali Oak

Last Updated: Mar 26, 2018

Newton's Contribution to Scientific Literature

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (published as

*PhilosophiÃ¦ Naturalis Principia Mathematica in Latin*, in 1687) and Opticks, published in English, in 1704, both authored by Isaac Newton are two of his greatest contributions to scientific literature.
Physics

Laws of Motion

The Newton's Laws of Motion became the founding principle of mechanics and enlightened the masses about the relationships between force and motion.

He published his works in the

He published his works in the

*Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica*in 1687. This book is regarded as one of the most significant literary works in science. It earned Newton international acclaim.
Conservation of Momentum

Newton also devised the principles of angular momentum and conservation of momentum. According to the law of conservation of momentum, the total momentum in a closed system remains constant.

By establishing the close relationship between the Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his gravitational theory, Newton proclaimed that the same natural laws are responsible for the motion of the Earth and other celestial bodies.

According to Newton's law of universal gravitation, two bodies in the universe attract one another with a force which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

It follows the Inverse-square law which states that the intensity of an effect is inversely proportional to the square of the distance from its source. For example, the intensity of light is inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the light source.

Newton's principles that were a part of

*Principia*, laid the foundation of Classical Mechanics.

Mathematics

Optics

He invented ways to shape and grind the mirror and is believed to have been the first to use a pitch lap to polish its surface.

Newton published

*Opticks*in 1704. The book discusses the nature of light and explains optical phenomena such as dispersion, reflection, selective absorption, bending of light when passing from one medium to another, spectrum formation, and transmission of the different components of light.

This book refuted the belief that pure light was white or colorless. The book ends with a set of Queries which are in the form of rhetorical questions on many different subjects like heat transmission, cause of gravity, chemical and electrical phenomena, and even on how God created matter. Opticks is considered to be one of the greatest scientific works of all time.

Space Research

The first law talks about how an object can be set in motion only with the application of an external unbalanced force. This understanding is essential for propelling a rocket into space and maintaining its speed during travel.

The understanding of Newton's law of gravitation is of importance in spaceflights. The speed and direction of motion of a spacecraft is governed by the forces of gravity acting on it, when it comes close to a source of gravitational force such as a planet.

The second law of motion describes force as a product of mass and acceleration. It is of use in understanding how the speed of a space vehicle is affected by its mass and the external forces acting on it.

The principle with which rockets are propelled is an excellent example of Newton's third law of motion.

Thus, we see that Newtonian principles help in determining the orbits of space vehicles. They have helped man understand the motions of objects in space, and thus paved the way for space research.

Philosophy and Religion

*Principia*, he has written,

*"This most beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets, could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent and powerful Being..."*. From his writings, it is evident that he believed in the existence of a Supreme power that is the Maker of all things. He has said,

*"Since every particle of space is always, and every indivisible moment of duration is every where, certainly the Maker and Lord of all things cannot be never and no where..."*.

*'the last of the magicians'*. It is believed that Newton's alchemical works got burned during a fire in his laboratory, due to which very less is known about his study of the subject.

*The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms*is one of Newton's famous works in Chronology. It was published in 1728. The book tries to prove that Solomon was the first king and his Temple was the first temple ever built. This work also includes descriptions of the mythical land of Atlantis.

Other Accomplishments

*Academie des Sciences*, a learned society established with the aim of promoting French scientific research.

He was elected as the Member of Parliament once in 1689, and then in 1701-02.

*Sir*.